Telecom News

Effectual Control Panel Creates a Smart Manufacturing Environment

Industrial Control Panel is explained as an assemblage of a systematic, logical and standard arrangements of two or more constituents like motor controllers, fused disconnect switches, overload relays, circuit breakers, control devices with push button stations, control relays, selector switches, timers, switches with associated wiring, terminal blocks, pilot lights and similar components.

There are numerous types of these industrial control devices, few examples of them are like control circuit switches and relays; manual, magnetic, and solid state starters and controllers; push-button stations, including selector switches and pilot lights, and thermal, magnetic and solid state overload relays.

Though these devices are mainly used for automation and process control systems, but they are required to handle several other challenges. These challenges include developments in control system technology and the continuous evolution of the design and construction process. Due to the huge demand of these systems, they are needed to be customized, designed and fabricated in very less time and pushed into the market. So there remains a lot of safety and other standards that are required to be kept in consideration during the designing and manufacturing of these panels.

These equipments need to contain characteristics, components, materials or systems that could be covered by the requirements of the industry standards. Proper strategy for improved use of managed switches and networked devices are equally important. Sometimes new design layouts should be brought in to meet factory space requirements. To maintain the acceptable level of safety, evaluations like risk of fire, electric shock or injury to operators should be checked appropriately. Robust noise mitigation policies are to be deployed for supporting the network of electronics and the sensitive devices. So when a control panel feature conflicts with a specific provision of any of the standards, they are judged as non-compliance with proper industry ideals.

Now coming to the solutions that can be used for ensuring ultimate performance and safety of the panels, you may consider the following points:

1. Copper and fiber optic connectivity can be used throughout all automation environments and office networks to enhance performance.

2. Noise moderation can be done by creating corporal barriers with the use of shielding products like Noise Shield and Shielded Patch Cords.

3. Safety standards can be increased by offering suitable grounding and visual warnings to enhance personal safety.

4. Reduce the panel space with proper space optimization using innovative Rail Wiring Duct and other such products.

5. Power and Grounding Systems should be maintained by accurate, up keeping of system performance and personnel and equipment protection.

So an extensive vigilance system to protect, bundle, terminate and identify wiring and cabling in the control panel should be implemented to keep up with the standards.

Things to Remember When Using Electrical Wire

Electrical wire is a broad term used by electricians and most people in the wire and cable field. The term means that if a manufacturer already makes THHN wire then they will most likely manufacture NM-B wire, UF-B Cable and Service entrance cables as well. However, something they might not manufacture would be welding cable because it’s made with rubber insulation and it’s under the category or power cables.

Here are some things to remember and/or ask your distributor when buying electrical wire from them.

1. What type’s of wire and cable do you sell the most?

If you’re looking for electrical wire and they mention speaker wire or power cables then it may not the best place to be looking. If they sell mostly speaker wire than they probably have outstanding prices on speaker wire, and not electrical wire.

The best pricing comes in volume for distributors, just like any other product. The more you buy, the less you pay. So be sure to ask the question and figure out the type of business you’re buying from before buying their product.

2. Do you buy directly from the manufacturer and is your wire and cable made in the USA?

Sometimes distributors buy very little electrical wire and actually get their products from other distributors to resell because they don’t have the volume to buy direct. This doesn’t mean anything bad about the product you’re getting, it’s probably just at a higher price. There’s an extra mark up in price and an extra shipment involved.

Some cables are made cheaper overseas, shipped to the US and still sold cheaper than US made wire and cable. Beware of this cable and ask your distributor for a specification sheet from where the wire was made. Any manufacturer would be happy to give out this information.

3. Make sure you speak to an electrical contractor, or electrician, about the wire size.

Don’t let a sales associate at a distributor tell you what size wire you need because they’re a salesmen by trade. Some salesmen are greedy and would get more commission by selling you something that’s worth more money. They’re also not very knowledgeable about the AMPS and voltage like an electrician.

You don’t want to start a project and then realize you have the wrong size wire. Or worse off, if you complete the project and realize you put in a smaller AWG than needed. That could cause some significant problems. It could also give you a bad reputation as an electrical contractor which is bad for business.

Make sure to do all of your homework because copper is very expensive and it’s the only conductor in electrical wire. You will save money and end up with a better product if you make a few extra phone calls and ask a few extra questions.

T1 – A Fast and Reliable Service For Businesses

In the business world there is always some sort of technology that is growing and helping companies conduct business in a more convenient and favorable manner. Voice and data products are two of the main technologies that aid companies in benefiting their ventures. T1 is a telecommunications service that offers voice and data products that give companies prompt and dependable service, giving way for a more conducive arena in which to practice business.

T1 is a precise type of chartered telecommunication line. These lines are reserved circuits that use either copper or fiber-optic cables. These lines are usually leased on a monthly or yearly basis by small and large businesses alike.

T1 lines provide proficient voice and data networking capacities, so that corporations can easily stay connected with satellite offices and secondary locations. One of these lines has the ability to carry 24 separate digital channels at a rate of 64Kbps and even has the capability to transmit data at 1.544 megabits per second both when sending and receiving. Depending on where the line is actually used will depend on what it is plugged into. If the line is being used for voice services it will be plugged into the phone system of the company. If the line is being used for data services it will be hooked up to the network’s router.

There are many advantages to using a T1 connection. These reserved circuits are able to ensure that a minimum amount of bandwidth will be obtainable at all times for network traffic. This makes these circuits just what the doctor ordered for businesses that depend on Internet and other forms of network use.

A T1 connection is generally used by businesses and other types of organizations. The foundation as to why businesses find this type of connection to be so favorable is because it is exceedingly fast and offers rapid data transfer rates. With this type of service it is possible to transfer immense loads of data. Another positive facet of this product that makes it attractive to businesses is that it rarely looses an internet connection. T1 is a more speedy and consistent way to transmit data and utilize voice services. A T1 circuit provides the most reliable bandwidth available when it is leased from a provider that is able to provide superior service, which is why corporations are willing to pay a little more for T1 than for other services, such as Cable. The product is also expedient because it can be installed by a local telecommunications company, such as Cavalier Sales Agent, and can be upheld by the same service provider.

A good majority of corporations are currently using T1 to ensure that they are able to keep up with the pace at which the world of business is developing. It is an unwavering and high-speed product that all companies need to thrive in their endeavors.

Coaxial Cables Explained

Without one, your TV would only feature a handful of channels (none in high-def), the ham radio in your basement would have even less of an audience, and your Internet connection might still be stuck in the (gasp) dial-up age.

Simply put, coaxial cables keep our worlds wired. Let’s take a look at what makes them so important:

So how do they work?

Basically, these cables consist of three interdependent parts: an inner conductor (a copper core), which is surrounded by a tubular insulating layer (dielectric insulator), which fits snugly just beneath the metallic tubular conducting shield. The inner conductor and outer conducting shield share the same axis, which is why-you guessed it-the cables got the name “coaxial.”

Boil them down, and coaxial cables aren’t very different from most power cords. They’re still used to transmit A/C electric current from a source to a receiver and back again, reversing direction several times each second.

What’s the difference?

The primary improvement over other cables exists in the fact that coaxial cables can carry radio frequency current at a much higher rate with almost no power loss. They achieve this by insulating the core conductor, grounding the metallic shield, and keeping spacing exactly consistent from end to end, creating loss-free paths for the radio waves to travel.

Other forms of radio transmission lines sometimes lose power if installed too closely to metal objects (like metal poles, steel construction elements, or gutters). Coaxial cables also feature better external electromagnetic interference.

So how does this work in real life?

Insignificant power loss in a normal main electrical cord doesn’t usually equal a loss of functionality. But radio frequency loss essentially equals a loss of content (in other words, that song you love wouldn’t sound quite so harmonious with so many gaps and stutters). The coaxial design, therefore, is critical to application performance.

So the result is a reliable cable that is spaced properly for its entire length, and one that delivers loss-free signals to the applications that use them. In real life, this means coaxial cables are excellent for use as computer network connections, and transmission lines for radio frequency and cable television signals.

Straight Facts About Cable Desclambers

If you want to understand the way a cable descrambler or a cable network works, we are here to explain the simple reason behind the image on your TV set.

In order for you to have crystal clear image on your TV set, a cable network is the first necessary thing. Cable TV companies install cable lines all over cities, running from one neighbourhood to another, from one house to another. All these cables are forming the cable network, through which the TV signal is permanently running. That fact that a cable has TV signals running through it at all times doesn’t necessarily mean that you will have image on your TV channels. Every cable company is protecting its incomes and profit by using a simple method: scrambling all the TV signals that run through the cable lines. This is the reason why you have image on your TV and your neighbour doesn’t see a thing on his TV set, although you both own the same cable equipment. The cable company has descrambled the TV signal for you, but not for your neighbour. And by installing a cable descrambler in every house, this problem is fixed. Every client has a cable descrambler attached to the TV set, but not all of them are activated. When you pay the cable bill, the cable TV company is sending information through the cable line that is activating your cable descrambler. And this is how you get image on your TV.

If you are wondering why a cable company is scrambling the TV signal, well the answer to this question is simple: money. Cable TV companies, as any other company, want to have profit. They can not have this unless they charge a fee paid by their clients. If they hadn’t scrambled the signal running through their cable network, every person would have had image on their TV set without paying a dime. Therefore, the TV signal is scrambled.

So, a cable descrambler is a device that is transposing the TV signal into image. Cable companies use cable descramblers for pay-per-view and premium channels too. Once you have paid for seeing these channels, the cable company activates your cable descrambler and you will be able to enjoy your HBO.

Another generation of cable descramblers has just entered the market: digital cable descramblers. They are working the same way as normal cable descramblers but they possess the advanced feature of descrambling digital cable signal.

Therefore, if you are looking into buying a cable descrambler, you have 2 options: the normal cable descrambler and the digital cable descrambler. We are advising you to purchase a digital cable descrambler as the technology is progressing fast and soon enough, all cable TV companies will replace their old fashioned cable descramblers for new high-tech digital cable descramblers.

Best Picture Hook For the Job

There are many different types of picture hooks. The type of picture hook you want depends on several different factors. Firstly and most importantly, you need to know what type of wall you have. There are four main types of walls that people deal with on a regular basis. Drywall (also known by its most common brand name Sheet Rock), Plaster, Concrete (or cement), and Brick. There are two different categories of hooks. There are ones for use in Drywall and Plaster or ones for use in Concrete and Brick. Picture hooks are also designed to hold certain weights which are designated on their packaging. The most common picture hooks used in Drywall and Plaster are steel with regular common nails, brass hooks with smaller black hardened steel nails, hook and loop (Velcro) self adhesive picture hooks, push through hooks, and anchored hooks among others.

  • The common steel hooks with common nails must be mounted to wood studs or wood lathing behind the wall. So it limits the potential places that you can place your frame. Wood studs are only every 16″ on the center of them. Although this is the most inexpensive choice a stud finder is needed to find where the studs are behind the wall.
  • The brass hooks with smaller black hardened steel nails often referred to as ook hooks are able to be mounted anywhere on the surface of the wall that you want to put them. The reason being for this is that the hook has more surface area gripping the wall thus using more of the wall for strength. Also, in the heavier pound rated hooks the weight is spread across more than one nail sometimes of a thicker gauge.
  • The hook and loop (Velcro) self-adhesive picture hangers are definitely the easiest ones to use but they can only hold a maximum of 10 pounds. Bathrooms and high traffic areas are also probably not the most ideal place for these hooks because of the moisture in the bathroom and possibility of being knocked into in the higher traffic areas.
  • Push through hooks are also pretty easy to use and can hold as much weight as the nail in picture hooks. These look almost like a section of a lightning bolt. The reason that it works is that one side of the hook is resting on the wall while the other is being pressed into the back of the wall on this inside with equal pressure. The only downside that I see with these hooks is that they often stick out from the wall farther than regular hooks.
  • There are two types of picture hanging systems that you can use anchors with. There are the ones which are just a hook where you can stick a screw into and then there are also those that have wide mounting plate which has a level built in so that you can get a perfect level for your frame. The simple one is often only for lighter weight pictures. The ones that allow multiple points of anchoring are very secure and the flushest way to mount your picture to the wall. It is also the most secure method as well. It is versatile enough to use on any wall surface. The only downside is the amount of work it takes to mount it.

The most common hooks for concrete and brick usage are nail in hooks with a cushion on the nail for when you hammer it in, brass plated nails with hooks, and small pin hooks. These hooks all have hardened nails used specifically for cement surfaces.

  • The steel nail in hooks with the cushion are very handy in that there is less impact on the wrist when driving the nail in.
  • The brass plated hooks are more decorative and also spread the weight across a couple of nails in the higher weight versions.
  • The smaller pin hooks also spread the weight over multiple nails but this is only for lightweight frames

When installing the frames into the concrete walls it is fine to put the hook anywhere that you would like. When installing the hooks into a brick wall make sure to install the hooks into the mortar between the bricks otherwise you may split the brick.

Offshore Wind Power Projects – A Growing Industry

Wind power is charging ahead at a great pace with new wind farms being proposed every week. In fact, the rate at which new wind power projects are being constructed and proposed is so great that wind turbine manufacturers are unable to keep up with demand. Companies such as Vestas and Siemens have warned that orders could take years to be met.

Before wind farm developers can get to the stage of ordering materials such as wind turbines, though, they have to gain approval from government and environmental agencies first. At this point, opposition from local residents can make or break the project. Common grounds for opposition to wind farm construction include noise concerns, the aesthetic look that wind turbines have on the landscape and the dangers that wind turbines pose to local bird and bat populations.

In an effort to solve these kinds of problems, wind power developers are moving to the world’s oceans. Admittedly, construction costs are much greater and logistics can prove much more problematic, offshore wind farms represent enormous potential for producing clean electricity in large quantities.

Offshore wind farms are already in commercial operation in small to mid-range scales – from 4MW to just over 100MW – particularly in the North Sea off the coasts of Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands and the UK.

Offshore wind farms such as Denmark’s 160MW Horns Rev Offshore Wind Farm and the 160MW Nysted Wind Project are the largest offshore wind projects currently producing electricity. The Danish government have set a goal to have at least 4000MW wind capacity in Danish waters by 2030. There are more than 10 projects currently in construction or in the planning stages around Denmark at the moment.

The UK, too, have been active in the construction of offshore wind farms. Numerous small to medium sized facilities have already been constructed off the coast of Scotland, England and Wales as well as Ireland. These projects are forerunners to a series of major projects that are currently in the developmental stage. The London Array Project will have a maximum capacity of 1000MW of electricity, the Greater Gabbard Offshore Wind Project will have a capacity of 500MW, the Arklow Bank Wind Farm has been proposed for construction 10km off the coast of Ireland and will have a capacity of 520MW and the Humber Gateway Offshore Wind Farm has been proposed with a capacity of producing 300MW of electricity.

Across the Atlantic and there are a number of proposals for offshore wind farms off the American coastline. Cape Wind has proposed a 420MW wind farm on Horseshoe Shoal in Nantucket. Bluewater Wind has proposed to construct a 450MW facility 11.5 nautical miles off the coast of Delaware and Blue H Technologies has recently put forward a proposal to construct a 420MW floating deepwater wind farm off the coast of New England.

Across to the Pacific Ocean and the NaiKun Wind Energy Group has announced and initial 320MW wind project in the Hecaite Strait, British Columbia. The intention of developers is to phase in more wind turbines until the facility has reached a maximum capacity of 1750MW, enough to supply power to 600,000 homes.

Some of the advantages of constructing wind farms offshore include not having to lease land off existing landowners, the noise problem is completely mitigated, the wind turbines won’t be visible from the shore, environmental impacts will be considerably fewer and concerns about overhead transmission lines will not exist with underwater and underground cabling used to bring electricity to shore.

With untold potential space in the world’s oceans available to be utilized, offshore wind power is an industry that is still in its infancy. With every successful project that is brought to commercial production, techniques in construction and maintenance are being perfected and costs are gradually coming down. This means that the clean electricity produced from these offshore wind farms will be even more attractive to customers and the environment.

Citywide Free Wifi Access In NYC

Can everyone just imagine how fast the world is evolving right now? If we compare the society’s situation a decade ago from now, we can say it’s one heck of a big leap for everyone. Big thanks to brilliant people with incredible ideas and technology upgrades.

What keeps on evolving right now is the digital world that helped almost half of the population’s needs in terms of research and communication. Computers, mobile phones, machines and other electronic devices have upgraded to its new level that gives convenience to people not to mention wireless internet connections.

Most people cannot live without it because it becomes their source of communication to their love ones who are living far away from them. Researchers see the convenience in looking for data over the internet and at the same time share theirs too. Keeping people updated on what is new and trending is one of the purposes why there are technology and the internet.

Now with this kind of situation, IT companies have thought of making it more accessible to everyone most especially to the people in New York. Wifi wiring in New York made all things possible and easier for the community, especially to tourists and OFWs who wishes to communicate with their family back at home. It is the idea of the city to dethrone the reigning champs Seoul, Tokyo and Geneva, for the ‘most connected city in the world’ title as far as accessible, and high-speed internet is concerned.

In connection to that, the city has signed a $200 million dollar deal to replace old pay phone spots to high-tech, futuristic kiosks at no costs to taxpayers and New York residents. FREE WIFI, how cool is that?

These kiosks installed by LinkNYC program broadcasts a 100 times faster connection than municipal WIFI wirings. It can be used for video-chatting, free domestic calls and simple internet searches which are again accessible to anyone who wishes to use it. The kiosk cover 150-foot radius at speeds of up to a gigabit per second. It is incredible how technology made all of this work.

Not just that because LinkNYC has collaborated with transit wireless to provide free internet connection to passengers throughout the high-traffic subway.

With all these techy changes, we acknowledge those who came up with structured fiber optic wirings that make such system work with its right pace. Different companies nowadays are now offering structured cabling installation to data and voice systems that enable faster internet connection avoid distractions from system problems.

The team that will install the wifi connection that may come from different companies may have different approaches when they do the job. Therefore, it is always better to find the right group of people to do the job, the ones who are properly trained and who knows what they are doing.

Besides, who would not want a near-citywide unlimited WIFI access anyways? Pretty sure NYC is stoked for this.

Everyone cannot wait for the WIFI wiring upgrade not just in the city but all other countries of course.

Reasons Behind Network Bottlenecking

Network Bottlenecking is a real pain in the neck, am I right?

Yes, that joke was rather cringeworthy, but so is a network’s degrading performance. A slow network is an issue many of us have experienced time and time again, and it can be very frustrating. All too often, businesses assume that they have outgrown their network, and will think that spending money on upgrades to their system will solve the issue. The problem with this, however, is that network bottlenecking is usually an issue that deserves a good cause analysis. Keep in mind that although there can be various causes for a slow network, for the most part, it comes down to a few basic reasons. And once you understand the “why,” you can swiftly come up with a plan of attack.

First things first, network bottlenecking is defined as a delay in transmission of data which results in a drastically slower communication speed, therefore, limiting user efficiency.

Network bottlenecking typically can occurs when a system cannot support the amount of information being relayed at the speed it is being processed. The best way to avoid such situations is to first look into each application’s performance that is using your network and analyze it over time to see how much bandwidth is being used to operate it. Some applications do require more bandwidth than others, so once you monitor your applications and gain a better understanding as to which ones are the biggest bandwidth eaters, then you can plan accordingly as to when you should use certain applications and when you should just close out of them to improve your overall network speed. Examples of applications that are known to take up more bandwidth than others are video streaming and file sharing.

Another feasible and very common reason for a sluggish network is the cabling itself. Sometimes, loose ends or badly crimped cables can be the culprit. Other times, it can be inadequate cables that cannot transfer large amounts of data. For instance, the speed of an Ethernet network used to be 10 Mbps over Category 3 or 5 cabling. But nowadays with the technology we have, the amount of data we share, and the speed at which we want to share it, networks that can run at 100 Mbps or even 1,000 Mbps are necessary, and for situations like this, proper cables installed to handle it.

Final words: Again, these are the most common reasons behind network bottlenecking. However, there can be various other causes. That’s why it’s important that if you’re experiencing a slow network, to first step back and analyze your network situation. Because who knows, sometimes it could just be a random slowdown caused some unknown intermittent connection issue. Other times, it can be a bit more complex.

Solar Powered Lights – Environmentally Friendly Illumination

Green earth campaigns have made people aware of solar powered lights, which have become increasingly popular lately because of their utility and purposeful application. Solar powered lighting fixtures are useful in areas where there are no power supplies available and accented lighting is required. These lights make use of a solar panel which uses natural sunbeams to make electricity. DC Electric power is then stored in rechargeable batteries.

Solar powered lights save the environment by not using any fossil fuels or releasing any of the pollutants that usual AC powered light sources emit. It is also a widely know fact that they work on the recyclable energy principle.

There are many advantages to these fixtures for the consumer. They can be used as landscape lights which require no cabling to disturb the beauty of the space. They are also safe to use in houses where children might be at risk of being hurt by power outlets or electric cables. They are also relatively easy to install, and their photo sensors turn on automatically and fill your house with a mellow diffused light as soon as the evening arrives.

There are a few drawbacks to solar powered lights, like the fact that they tend to give better light the first few hours and then go a little low on power. The presence of other brighter lights around the solar lamps will also inhibit the lights from illuminating because the solar cells will detect this as day light energy. Simply putting up a little tape on the solar cell will solve this problem, however.

Overall, solar powered lights are a great alternative to traditional outdoor lighting, especially if you want to save money on your energy bill.